Oregon Democrats Reverse Drug Decriminalization Efforts, Voting 21-8 To End ‘Experiment’

By Victor Winston, updated on March 3, 2024

Oregon's bold step toward decriminalizing hard drugs is on the brink of reversal.

Oregon state legislators are considering rolling back the pioneering drug decriminalization policy following a surge in overdose deaths and public drug use.

In 2020, Oregon made headlines with the passage of Measure 110, a move that sought to decriminalize the possession of small quantities of substances like fentanyl, heroin, cocaine, and methamphetamine.

This measure, which garnered close to 60% of the electorate's approval, was heralded as a progressive leap towards a more treatment-focused approach to drug addiction. However, the subsequent years have painted a grim picture of the initiative's outcomes.

A Senator's Call to End the "Failed Experiment"

One state senator has not minced words in describing the decriminalization policy as a tragic "experiment" gone awry.

State Sen. Tim Knopp has been vocal about the dire consequences observed in the wake of Measure 110's implementation. “About four Oregonians a day are dying because of overdoses,” remarked Knopp, underscoring the sharp rise in mortality rates linked to drug misuse. This alarming statistic has propelled the state legislature into action, seeking to reintroduce criminal penalties for possession of hard drugs.

Senator Knopp's critique extends beyond the increased mortality rates. He argues that decriminalization has led to unfettered drug use, a spike in drug sales, and, ultimately, a significant uptick in overdose deaths across Oregon's major cities. These observations have fueled a growing chorus of concern among policymakers and the public, prompting a decisive legislative response.

Legislative Moves Toward Recriminalization

The Oregon Senate recently cast a pivotal vote, 21-8, in favor of HB 4002, a bill advocating for the decriminalization of hard drugs.

This legislative initiative not only seeks to reestablish penalties for drug possession but also aims to broaden access to essential medications for opioid withdrawal. Furthermore, it proposes the establishment of addiction services facilities, a move designed to address the root causes of drug dependency. By doing so, HB 4002 attempts to strike a balance between curbing drug misuse and providing support for those struggling with addiction.

As HB 4002 awaits consideration from Democratic Gov. Tina Kotek, who has indicated some support for reinstating criminal penalties for drug possession, both advocates and critics of the policy await the final decision with bated breath.

In reflecting on the journey since Measure 110's passage, State Sen. Tim Knopp offers a sobering assessment of the decriminalization policy's impact:

The voters of Oregon were sold a bill of goods through an initiative that was on the ballot, and it decriminalized all hard drugs – fentanyl, heroin, cocaine, methamphetamine. Instead of treatment that the voters thought they were going to get for their family and friends who are on drugs and addicted, they ended up getting unbridled drug use, drug sales all over our major cities across Oregon, and it turned into an exponential increase in overdose deaths.

A Growing Crisis in Public Safety

The concerns articulated by Sen. Knopp echo across the state as the decriminalization policy appears to have backfired.

"What we had is more crime, open drug use, open drug sales, and you see people pretty much everywhere on drugs," he said, painting a dire picture of the situation in Oregon's urban centers. This grim scenario has prompted many to question the efficacy of decriminalization as a tool for combating drug addiction and improving public safety.

As Oregon stands at a crossroads, the debate over Measure 110's legacy and the path forward continues to intensify. With HB 4002 poised to potentially mark a significant shift in the state's approach to drug policy, the stakes for lawmakers, public health officials, and the communities most affected by drug addiction have never been higher.


As Oregon evaluates the outcomes of its pioneering move to decriminalize drugs, the experiences stemming from Measure 110 serve as a warning. The state has seen an increase in overdose deaths and more visible public drug use, leading lawmakers to reevaluate their approach to drug policy. House Bill 4002 is their response, an attempt to find a middle ground between strict drug laws and enhanced addiction treatment services.

Oregon is at a crossroads, dealing with the intricacies of public health, safety, and individual rights. The fate of HB 4002 will be a significant factor in determining Oregon's path forward and will contribute to the broader national conversation about drug decriminalization and recovery efforts.

About Victor Winston

Victor is a freelance writer and researcher who focuses on national politics, geopolitics, and economics.

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