Myanmar Military Orders Mass Conscription Of Men And Women

By Victor Winston, updated on February 11, 2024

In a surprising turn of events, Myanmar's military government has announced compulsory military service for its young population.

The mandate, encompassing both men and women, unfolds amid severe internal conflict and notable military losses.

The junta's decision casts a shadow over Myanmar’s tumultuous journey since the military, displacing a civilian government in February 2021, took the helm. The move is seen as an attempt to bolster the military's ranks after suffering defeats against ethnic militias and anti-coup forces, highlighting the challenges it faces in asserting control and restoring stability within the nation.

Compulsory Service Amidst Ongoing Turmoil

As per the announcement, all men aged 18 to 35 and women aged 18 to 27 are now required to serve at least two years under military command. This broad conscription law reflects the military's dire need for manpower as it struggles to contain the upheaval that has gripped the country since the coup.

The junta has stipulated that further specifics regarding the conscription will be divulged through a series of bylaws, procedures, and instructions. This regulatory framework aims to formalize the conscription process, ensuring the military can replenish its forces.

In a statement, the military-installed president, Myint Swe, underscored the gravity of the situation. He warned of the potential disintegration of the country if the ongoing conflicts could not be effectively managed. His comments highlight the junta's growing concern over its weakening grip on power amid increasing military setbacks.

Significant Military Setbacks and Ethnic Insurgencies

Recent months have not been kind to Myanmar's military forces, with embarrassing defeats at the hands of ethnic insurgent groups. The autonomy-seeking Arakan Army, among others, has demonstrated significant prowess, capturing strategic locations and inflicting heavy casualties on government troops.

Notably, the military's loss of control in Shan State and the subsequent capture of Paletwa by the Arakan Army underscore the complex challenges faced by the junta in its efforts to quell opposition and maintain territorial integrity.

Despite these challenges, the military government remains adamant about enforcing the new conscription law, which has been dormant since its passage in 2010.

Legal Ramifications and Public Impact

Individuals who ignore the summons for military service face imprisonment, equating the duration of the sentence to the mandatory service period. This stern measure underpins the government's resolve to enforce conscription amidst the ongoing crisis.

The law also contains provisions that allow for an extension of service up to five years during a state of emergency, a situation that Myanmar finds itself in since the military declared it in 2021 and extended it for another six months recently.

Reflecting on the broader implications of this development, it's clear that Myanmar stands at a crucial juncture. The military's efforts to consolidate power through conscription mirror the nation's tumultuous history under military rule and the fleeting glimpses of democratic governance.

The mandating of compulsory military service by Myanmar's junta is a telling sign of the persistent internal conflict and the military's challenges in maintaining order. Facing both internal dissension and external criticism, the decision to activate a long-dormant conscription law illustrates the desperate measures the military government is willing to take to stabilize its rule. This move, coupled with ongoing defeats and the potential for heightened public unrest, further complicates Myanmar's path toward peace and democratic governance.

About Victor Winston

Victor is a freelance writer and researcher who focuses on national politics, geopolitics, and economics.

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