Chinese Spy Cranes Allegedly Found In US Shipping Ports That Could Be Used For Espionage Or Sabotage

By Robert Cunningham, updated on March 8, 2024

A recent discovery at US ports has security experts on high alert.

The Daily Mail reported that Chinese-made cargo cranes at US ports have been implicated in potential espionage and sabotage activities, stirring a whirlwind of concern across the nation.

Unpacking the Threat: Suspicious Devices in Port Cranes

A comprehensive investigation conducted by a congressional committee and reported by the Wall Street Journal has unearthed a disturbing finding: Chinese-made cargo cranes, integral to the operations at US ports, are fitted with suspicious communication devices.

These devices, primarily cellular modems found within the cranes manufactured by the state-owned Shanghai Zhenhua Heavy Industries (ZPMC), are feared to facilitate remote access for espionage or sabotage the critical infrastructure of ports. The implications of such access are profound, with US intelligence agencies raising alarms over the potential use of these cranes for spying on American soil.

The House Homeland Security Committee, under Mark Green's chairmanship, has underscored the gravity of this threat. Green's statement paints a vivid picture of a strategic incursion into America's critical infrastructure, which has been underestimated for far too long. His words resonate with a growing concern among US officials regarding foreign adversaries' infiltration and exploitation of key operational technologies. Mark Green commented:

The Chinese government 'is looking for every opportunity to collect valuable intelligence and position themselves to exploit vulnerabilities by systematically burrowing into America's critical infrastructure. The United States has clearly overlooked this threat for far too long.

A Pivot to Domestic Production and Enhanced Cybersecurity

In a decisive move to counteract the perceived espionage threat, President Joe Biden's administration has announced a significant investment in the domestic production of ship-to-shore cranes. A staggering $20 billion, sourced from the bipartisan infrastructure bill, is being allocated to rejuvenate the American capability in crane manufacturing—a sector that has seen no domestic production for three decades. This initiative not only aims to diminish the reliance on foreign, potentially compromised machinery but also marks a strategic pivot towards enhancing the national security framework of the United States.

The Biden administration's efforts extend beyond just manufacturing. An executive order has been issued granting new cybersecurity powers to the US Coast Guard, specifically targeting transportation vessels and the ports they frequent. This order is a testament to the heightened concern over potential cyber attacks, especially those from China. It reflects a broader strategy to fortify the cybersecurity defenses of America's maritime infrastructure.

Anne Neuberger, the US deputy national security adviser for cyber and emerging technology, emphasized the strategic risks associated with the potential compromise of these cranes. Coast Guard cyber experts echo her concerns, having yet to assess more than half of the 200 Chinese-made cranes currently operational at US ports for malicious cyber activities. This security assessment gap underscores the situation's urgency and the need for comprehensive cyber defense mechanisms.

The Implications for US National Security and Trade

The reliance on Chinese-made cranes, which account for nearly 80% of those used in US ports, poses a security risk and highlights a critical vulnerability in the supply chain of America's trade infrastructure. Ports play a pivotal role in the US economy, facilitating over 90% of overseas trade, contributing $5.4 trillion annually, and employing over 31 million people. The potential for espionage or sabotage via these cranes threatens not only national security but also the economic vitality of the nation.

Rear Adm. John Vann of the Coast Guard cyber command has raised concerns about the vulnerability of these cranes to exploitation due to their design, which allows for remote control, service, and programming. The strategic pivot to domestic production, led by a US subsidiary of the Japanese company Mitsui, is a critical step in mitigating these risks and ensuring the resilience of America's critical infrastructure.

The move towards domestic crane production and the bolstering of cybersecurity measures at ports signify a broader recognition of the threats posed by foreign technology in critical infrastructure. Officials, including FBI Director Christopher Wray, have consistently warned of the dangers Chinese hackers pose to the United States, underscoring the need for a robust and proactive defense strategy.


The discovery of suspicious communications devices in Chinese-made cargo cranes at US ports has sparked a significant reevaluation of national security protocols and infrastructure resilience. The United States is taking definitive steps to mitigate these risks through substantial investments in domestic production and enhanced cybersecurity measures. These efforts are crucial in safeguarding the nation's critical infrastructure from espionage and sabotage, ensuring the security of its ports and, by extension, its economy and trade. This story is a stark reminder of the ongoing challenges in protecting national interests in an increasingly complex and interconnected world.

About Robert Cunningham

With years of experience at the forefront of political commentary, Robert Cunningham brings a blend of sharp wit and deep insight to his analysis of American principles at the Capitalism Institute.

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